Homemade heroin first developed in Russia may have come to the United States
4, 2013: 4AutoInsuranceQuote.com, a website that offers car insurance quotes to drivers throughout the United States, has just posted a new article to the site that lists the five countries that have the highest auto insurance rates. As the article, Highest Car Insurance Rates , noted, the United States holds the dubious honor of being the most costly country for purchasing car insurance. According to the newly-posted article, the average amount that people pay for car insurance in the United States is a whopping $1,706.86 per year. With the average income for most Americans hovering right around $50,000, the article points out that this equates to around 3 percent of a person’s annual income going towards car insurance. Since each state varies in terms of how much drivers pay, the average figure does vary a bit depending on where people live; for example, in some states drivers might pay around $1,000 per year for auto insurance, while in others it can soar to well over $2,000 annually. While the overall cost of car insurance also varies from country to country, the main factors that drive up the price of premiums are essentially the same no matter where somebody lives. For example, the article said, insurance companies take the safety of the roads in the particular country into consideration, as well as the types of vehicles that people are driving there. “In general, you are going to find that the wealthier nations are actually the places where auto insurance tends to be the most expensive,” the article noted, adding that the various issues that influence how much people will pay for car insurance can change from region to region in places like the United States. “If you want to know where you are going to pay the most for car insurance, then you have to look at the places where people are driving fancy sports cars and seem to always find themselves in an auto accident.” Coming in at second place on the list of the top five costly car insurance countries is Austria, where insurance is typically paid for on a month-to-month basis. Germany, the United Kingdom, and Australia round out the rest of the list. Search The Auto Channel
So have the number of fatal poisonings due to prescription painkillers, according to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Prescription drug misuse is now responsible for more deaths than heroin and cocaine combined. Despite these shocking statistics, a new report from Trust for America’s Health finds many states are lacking effective strategies to curb prescription drug abuse. The report, titled ” Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Stop the Epidemic ,” shows more than half the states scored a six or less on the advocacy organization’s scale, which assesses the ways states are trying to combat prescription drug abuse. Only two states, New Mexico and Vermont, scored 10 out of 10. “In the past two decades we’ve seen many advances in the development of new prescription drugs, which have been a miracle for many,” said Jeff Levi, executive director of Trust for America’s Health. “But we’ve also seen a corresponding rise in misuse, and the consequences can be dire.” There is some good news. The estimated number of Americans who abuse prescription drugs was 6.1 million in 2011, down from 7 million the previous year, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. But the number of drug overdose deaths, the majority of which are due to prescription drugs, has doubled in 29 states since 1999, according to this new report. And in some of those states the number of deaths has tripled, or even quadrupled. Trust for America’s Health evaluated each state on several strategies that have shown promise in fighting against prescription drug abuse. One was prescription drug monitoring programs, which help pharmacists and doctors identify patients who are “doctor shopping,” or visiting various doctors to fill more prescriptions.
Report: States failing to curb prescription abuse
Its psychoactive agent, desomorphine, was first synthesized in the United States in 1932 in the hope of finding a substitute for morphine that would be less nauseous and less addictive. But desomorphine is eight to 10 times as potent as morphine, and its effects come and go more quickly, which may be why the new drug proved even more addictive than the one it was intended to replace. The body metabolizes desomorphine quickly, which makes it difficult for doctors to know for sure whether someone has used krokodil. While the recent cases in Arizona are officially unconfirmed, the patients told physicians that they had taken the drug, according to a doctor at the Banner Poison Control and Drug Information Center in Phoenix. Desomorphine, however, is not why krokodil is so dangerous. About 10 years ago, Russians apparently discovered how to synthesize desomorphine at home using commercially available ingredients including red phosphorus, which they reportedly glean from the sides of matchboxes, and codeine, which until last year was available over the counter in Russia. The resulting substance contains several caustic byproducts. When you use the krokodil . . . really what youre doing is injecting red phosphorus and solvents into your body, said Matt Zuckerman, a toxicologist at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.